The breed was originally developed for general use on the farms of the Appalachian foothills, where it was found pulling plows and buggies, working cattle and being ridden by both adults and children. Today, it is still used for working cattle, as well as and pleasure riding. The breed's gait and disposition make it sought out by elderly and disabled riders. Each September, the hosts the International Rocky Mountain Horse Show.
In 1986, the Rocky Mountain Horse Association was created to increase population numbers and promote the breed; there were only 26 horses in the first batch of registrations. Since then, the association has, over the life of the registry, registered over 25000 horses as of 2015, and the breed has spread to 47 states and 11 countries. In order to be accepted by the registry, a 's parentage must be verified via DNA testing. Horses must also, after reaching 23 months of age, be inspected to ensure that they meet the physical characteristic and gait requirements of the registry. The Rocky Mountain Horse is listed at "Watch" status by the , meaning that the estimated global population of the breed is fewer than 15,000, with fewer than 800 registrations annually in the US.
The Rocky Mountain Horse comes from the state of Kentucky. It is a very common American breed that has developed itself since the eighteen hundreds. Tucked away in the Appalachian Mountains, the Rocky Mountain animals famously had a brown shaded coat with lots of shine to their frames, making them simple to recognize. They were used for their many uses as a very stable-yet-surefooted horse. They also have a unique four feet gait and a long and bushy tail to go along with it. Many farmers found great joy in owning one or two Rocky Mountain Horses so that they could easily utilize their strength for pulling plows and helping on the farm. One gentleman in particular, Sam Tuttle, is noted for his Old Tobe, which was a stallion that went on to become quite the champion for the southwest. Once the word got out that they could be used for climbing the mountain sides with ease and as farm hands, their popularity rapidly increased. They are currently still a popular breed all over the United States.
(c) Sure footed. When the going is too tough or the weather stops the helicopters then a Rocky Mountain horse is the only way to rescue those that have become lost or injured.
This foundation stallion produced a descendent, named , who became the more modern father of the Rocky Mountain Horse breed. Old Tobe was owned by a resident of named Sam Tuttle. For most of the 20th century, Tuttle was a prominent breeder of Rocky Mountain Horses, and helped to keep the strain alive during the and . After World War II, despite declining horse populations in the US, Tuttle kept his herd, and continued to use Old Tobe as a breeding stallion. Tuttle held the concession for horseback riding, and used Old Tobe for trail rides in the park and for siring additional trail horses, the latter until the stallion was 34 years old. Old Tobe died at the age of 37. The presence of the single-foot gait makes it possible that the breed is in part descended from the , a breed known for passing its gaited ability on to other American breeds.